Smart Ways To Pass a Saliva Drug Test

Having to have any drug test is not a pleasant experience and can make your mouth dry instantly. Which is quite ironic really, as we are to discuss saliva drug testing here. There are many forms of drug testing, from urine, blood, and hair, but saliva testing is the most uncommon, yet the simplest.

The USA has not approved saliva drug testing. However, it can still be administered, and of course, at the drop of a hat. The swabs are easy to transport and test, so be aware that you could be tested anywhere, anytime, and that is the scariest part.

Now, that we are telling you how to pass a saliva drug test, does not mean, in any way, that we are condoning drug ingestion or the addiction to drugs. There are many ways in which to take in an illegal or even non-illegal substance, which could hinder many aspects of your life.

It is important to know what a saliva test entails before going into how to pass one. According to THC Detox, mouth swab drug test is one of the easiest and quickest ways of taking a drug test, hence why it is often used on the run, ie. Roadblocks and security areas.

What Will Transpire at A Saliva Test?

You will be asked to:

  • Open your mouth wide
  • And allow the tester to swipe either a toothbrush looking device or a cotton wool style stick in the inside of your cheek, where your gums are
  • Then the swiped device is closed up and taken away to be tested
  • It is instantaneous in that they dip test the swabbed item straight away
  • A color chart will tell them if there are drugs present in your saliva and sometimes the exact drug too

To avoid being caught out, there are some home remedies that can aid in passing a saliva drug test. We do, however, recommend, for accuracy, that you utilize our products, as they are foolproof and exact.

So, let us get started on a few home remedies to try. Note that some are very time dependent as in some can be done minutes before the test and others need either an entire day or at least a few hours before the test to render good results.

Avoid all and any drugs whatsoever

The most obvious and foolproof way is to not take drugs at all before a saliva test. This may or may not be possible, given you may even be on some kind of mediation that you must take, but abstinence is the best policy. At worst scenario stop taking the drug at least five days before the test.

Flush, flush and flush some more

You can flush out the toxins with a few methods, and in this ensure a negative drug result:

  • Drink cranberry juice
  • Drink water – lots of it
  • Urinate often – and you will after drinking all this liquid
  • Exercise and sweat – this will let the toxins evaporate through your perspiration
  • Move around often and regularly – an active digestive system will aid the passing of such substances
  • Foods high in diuretics, such as coffee or fruit, or fruit juices – they will help not only your bowels to work, but also cleanse your saliva somewhat

Aspirin Ingestion

This may mask the substance in your saliva, but is not a sure-fire method. This should be done a few hours before the test, but not too far before. 3 hours is a safe bet.

Wash that mouth out

Using a strong mouthwash can have the desired effect, besides making your breath smell great and masking any drug scent, such as from marijuana, your salvia will be slightly neutralized of any toxins. Do this at least a half-hour before the saliva drug test.

There is an excellent product on the market that has a high success record of working, regarding flushing out the toxins in your saliva. A simple gulp, gargle and swish, and spit will have your mouth right as rain. Be sure not to smoke during or after this procedure, do not drink or eat, and of course, do not take any drugs whatsoever.

Pump that Protein

High dosages of protein, such as in red meat can normalize creatine levels in the body. It is ideal to consume this at least three days before the saliva drug test. If you don’t eat red meat, you can try chicken, or if a vegan, then egg whites will do, or any high protein content food.

Chew on Ice

Chewing on ice will cleanse your mouth out and of course get some juices flowing, thereby naturally cleaning the inside of your mouth. Do this just before entering the testing area.

Chew and Chew again

Chewing gum or any strong breath mint can help to clean the mouth out and neutralize any remnants of the substance left behind, especially marijuana or any drug that is inhaled through the mouth. It would be best not to have smoked or taken the oral drug within 24 hours of the test.

Fatten Up

Eating a meal high in fat will do the trick too. The fat will absorb from your bloodstream the metabolites that the drug kicks out. This will then stop them from reaching your saliva.

Brush those tats

Brushing your teeth as well as your tongue and inside gum area will assist in neutralizing the drug from your flesh. While you are at it give those teeth floss too, as there may be some particles left behind which could float over to your gums.

Get out there and run

Exercise is helpful as a drug reducing strategy, and you may ask how can that help my saliva. Well, when you expend your muscles and start to sweat, you build up saliva in your mouth too. So, as you go out there for that run, boxing class, or gym workout, keep bringing up more saliva and spitting it out. Not the most pleasant but, hey, neither is failing a drug test.

How to pass a drug test in 2 days naturally

We all want to enjoy our vices in peace. However, Uncle Sam once in a while likes to show us who is boss.

He sets up drug tests to keep us in check. They may not be fair but what to do? He is the big man.

As a stoner, you may fret when required to do a drug test. However, it does not have to be the case.

Methods to clear THC in preparation for a drug test

Weight loss

Firstly, how quickly THC can clear from your body will depend on how fast your liver is in metabolizing.

Secondly, it will depend on how fast THC moves from fat tissues into the blood for it to be broken down and eliminated from the body.

Let’s put it into perspective

We have Joe who is skinny and Jay who is fat. Since Joe is skinny he has less body fat than Jay.

Therefore, Joe has fewer fat tissues for THC to be stored. Consequently, THC will clear faster from his system.

Regrettably, Jay has more body fat. Therefore, with the increased fat tissues, it means he will have more THC stored in the body. Inadvertently, THC will take longer to clear from his body.

So a strategy like weight loss within 2 days won’t be feasible to eliminate THC from the body. However, if there is anticipation for a drug test in months ahead then weight loss does actually work.

Using activated charcoal

To begin with, activated charcoal is normal charcoal that has been prepared using high temperatures. For this reason, it changes its internal structure. It has small pores and an increased surface area.

So how does it work? It absorbs toxins in the gut. It is commonly used as the first line of defense in poisoning and drug overdose cases.

Furthermore, it does not get absorbed into the body. It is passed in the stool together with the toxins. These properties can be leveraged to detox the body of THC.

Detox kit

This is one of the surest ways to remove THC from your system. The following kits work by lowering THC concentration in the urine below detection levels. The best same day solution.

Fast THC Marijuana Detox Kit

 

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More Information

Here are some reviews:

5 out of 5 stars

Cannot believe it worked but it did! I have smoked multiple joints a day for at least 8 years. I’m 5’9″ and 145 pounds. My urinalysis for court came back negative for everything. I will be recommending to anyone in my situation.

 

5 out of 5 stars

I was very worried as I only got less than 24 hour notice of my drug test. I am a heavy daily smoker and I mean really heavy like a half an ounce every 2 to 3 days 150lbs male. I followed the instructions for the first part and used the included self test kit. I failed the self test and thought I was screwed. I proceeded to the next steps that are for if you fail the first half. I ended up passing and I am so excited to have an amazing job!

You can get it here: https://greenfleets.org/products/fast-thc-marijuana-detox-kit-extra-strong-p2732.html

Urine dilution

It is the universally agreed method of beating a drug test. An increase in water intake will flush out THC metabolites from your system.

For example, if you double your water intake the urine produced cuts THC metabolite concentrations by half. If you quadruple your water intake the urine produced will cut THC metabolites by 75%.

Using someone else urine

This method is a bit controversial. For starters, the easy part will be to get a friends’ urine sample. Unfortunately, getting it through the door of the venue for the test will be the test.

To hack this method, drive with your friend to the test venue. Have them pee when you arrive and secure the tube tightly.

Take the sample and strap it on ( don’t forget to wear tight underwear ) securely. While peeing in your cup switch up the samples and act as nothing has happened.

If you are craftier, you can use a whizzinator. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to prepare your urine sample and then strap it on. Show up for your drug test and “pee” using the whizzintor.

The downside with this method is that if they test for synthetic urine you will fail the test.

Methods that do not work

Drink apple cider vinegar, cranberry juice, and Certo have been touted to work. However, they do not have any effect on the concentration of THC metabolites in the urine.

They are simply diuretics that stimulate an increase of urine production but do not flush out THC from the body.

How THC affects the body

Let us understand how cannabis affects the body. Cannabis has hundreds of chemicals called cannabinoids. THC and CBD are the two major ones.

THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol ) has psychoactive effects(makes you feel high). On the other hand, CBD (cannabidiol ) is non-psychoactive (it does not give a high).

In the case of a urine drug test, the examiner is looking for THC. It is therefore important to understand how THC affects the normal functioning of the body.

Firstly, when you smoke a joint there are 4 phases in which the drug moves in your body:

Absorption Phase (First 15 minutes)

For this phase, THC is absorbed in the lungs. Additionally, there is an increase in blood levels.

First Distribution Phase (15 minutes to 1 hour)

The THC levels begin to drop in the blood.It is distributed into organs and fat tissue.

Second Distribution Phase (1 hour to 4 hours)

In the third phase, there is an equilibrium between THC in the blood and in the body organs.

At this stage, there is still movement of THC from the blood into fat tissues. This is because THC moves more slowly in the fat tissues than with other tissues.

Elimination Phase (4 hours and beyond)

There is an equilibrium between THC in the blood and fat tissue. At this point, the liver begins to break down the THC and the level of THC in the blood begins to drop.

Additionally, there is the movement of THC from fat tissue back into the blood and it is metabolized as well.

Take away home

Finally, taking drug tests to gain employment, college admission, pass driving tests or to satisfy probation officers can be daunting for a stoner. Fortunately, with these methods, you can beat Uncle Sam.

When all is said and done, time is the best method to beat a drug test.

How To Use Gelatin To Pass Drug Test

Use of Gelatin is one of the tricks for passing a marijuana drug test. How these method works is simple for anyone to understand. Below is in-depth coverage of how you can make good use of Gelatin in passing a drug test, with comprehensive explanations made on how the method works and a step to step guide of how to carry it out.

However, for you to understand the “Gelatin method” by heart, it is essential for you to know the basics of how the human body metabolizes cannabis.

Basics of Marijuana Metabolism and Detection

After marijuana consumption, its main active component is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and its main metabolism takes place in the liver. THC is metabolized into two main metabolites which are: THC-COOH and 11-OH-THC.

THC-COOH is highly soluble in fat, so a lot of it gets trapped in your fat cells as it flows through your system. After a few hours of such “trapping,” a great percentage of THC-COOH is stored in your fat cells while the remainder gets excreted in urine.

Whenever your body exhausts its main energy source (glycogen), it tends to turn to fat cells for energy supply. As fat cells get burned, the THC-COOH that was stored in them is released into the bloodstream. This, in turn, makes THC-COOH detectable in urine and blood, among other body fluids.

Detection and Measurement of Marijuana

The main mode of testing for marijuana is checking for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in urine.

The recommended cut-off value for detecting cannabinoids as guided by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) is 50 ng/ml. For urine samples that have a cannabinoid concentration that meets or surpasses this figure, the interpretation made is that the person has had recent exposure to cannabis or is a heavy cannabis user. On the other hand, lower THCA concentrations in the marijuana urine test can be linked to occasional cannabis use.

Will Gelatin Help You to Pass a Drug Test

For daily marijuana users, there is an excellent chance that their THC levels in their body are elevated. THC has quite a long half-life, and it’s a metabolite that can have some stores in your body fat. This, in turn, means that the more frequently you use marijuana, the more steadily THC levels accumulate in your body. However, there are some recent indications for the use of Gelatin to help mask the traces of THC in your body, hence making a marijuana user not to have a positive urine test for THC.

What is Gelatin

Gelatin, also known as Certo or sure jell are components of baking ingredients used in jams, jellies and the baking of cakes. Their main ingredient is known as fruit pectin (a soluble type of fiber).

How does Gelatin Function in Helping You to Pass a Marijuana Urine Test

One of the most common misconceptions concerning pectin is that it coats the inner segment of your stomach and bladder to block THC from finding its way to the bladder and consequently preventing its delivery into the urine. Don’t be misguided!

Gelatin works by accelerating the elimination of THC from the body. To begin with, you should know that THC, as well as its primary metabolites, are usually fat soluble and that your body produces bile so that it can bind to all the fat you ingest and cause it to dissolve in water.

With this in mind, research has shown that fruit pectin has an affinity for bile found in the intestines and leaves the human body only through stool, hence making it be sent automatically to your colon. So, it makes sense to say that if the fruit pectin binds to bile containing THC (because THC is fat soluble), it will transport it to its (fruit pectin`s) route of elimination which is the fecal route.

In addition to this, fruit pectin is known to increase your bowel movements, hence making you have an increased frequency in voiding stool which contains THC containing bile that’s bound to fruit pectin.

As we’ve seen from earlier on, most of the cannabinoids leave the human body via the urinary route, hence the reason why they are tested through taking urine samples. However, as has been explained above, the main path of THC elimination is through your stool. The THC metabolites that end up in urine are derived from the remnants that are reabsorbed from the intestines and then into your blood before they could leave via your stool. When fruit pectin leaves your body, it brings out the bile-bound THC along with it.

So this interprets that as fiber leaves your body while taking THC with it, there are lower levels of THC available for the reabsorption process into the blood and urine. By so doing, it makes urine tests to turn out negative because of little amounts of THC to be excreted in urine. On top of that, with the increased bowel movements, there is a rise in the levels of THC that`s eliminated via stool within a short period, hence decreasing the chances of reabsorption.

In a nutshell, fruit pectin is effective for preventing THC being detected in urine samples by propelling its elimination via the fecal route rather than via urine. By so doing, you have gifted a narrow window of opportunity where you can safely pass a marijuana urine test.

Why It’s Not Reliable

There’s a lack of scientific research or evidence to support this line of logic. In addition to lack of enough evidence, when being instructed on how to use the Gelatin method, you are required to drink large volumes of water, to act as a form of dilution method.

When you take a urine test after doing this, you are likely to be put through a series of additional tests. This is because urine tests also factor in parameters such as the urine`s specific gravity as well as the urine creatinine levels. For those who misuse the dilution method, these values are bound to get altered, hence raising some suspicion and sentencing you to more confirmatory tests.

This could end up working against you because of the nature of the other tests for marijuana. As much as they are less effective as compared to the urine test, they are more difficult to pass. This is because they involve the analysis of human samples such as blood whose results are difficult to alter. In addition to this, the techniques used to analyze samples such as immunoassays are highly likely to flesh out any tinge of marijuana in your system.

The Method

The steps below provide some insight into how to go about the Gelatin method:

You should begin by counting around 3 hours before your scheduled time of giving your urine sample. Take an entire Certo packet in your Gatorade (for those who require space, take some zips from it beforehand).

Follow this by shaking until you’re sure that the Certo has entirely dissolved in the Gatorade and has become much thicker, resembling a jelly or jam.

At this stage, all that you’re left to do is drink it all. You should be warned that its taste is quite unpleasant, but if you would want even the slightest chance of passing the drug test, you must finish it!

Ensure that you take water right after you’re done and for the remaining time before your drug screening (It’s advisable to down at least a gallon of water).

Make sure that you urinate 3 or 4 times before you leave a urine sample for the drug testing. This assists hugely in getting rid of contaminated urine that could be present before the THC was bound by the Certo in your intestines.

Take a vitamin-B pill 1 hour before your urine screening to add color to your urine as you continue to finish your gallon of water. Failure to do so could be fatal because there is a high chance that your urine will end up being crystal clear.

Does Creatine Help To Pass Drug Test?

Creatine is an organic acid produced by your liver, kidneys, and pancreas that consists mainly of nitrogen and amino acids. It is taken as a supplement to increase performance for athletes due to its ability to create adenosine triphosphate, which fuels muscles.

Ingredients Needed

Creatine is available as a supplement in liquid and powder form, ranging in price from under ten dollars up to thirty dollars.

Methodology

Creatinine is used as a detoxifying treatment, especially for marijuana consumption, in combination with other supplements, including cranberry and B vitamins, as well as increased water consumption.

Side Effects

Side effects of creatine use can include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, stomach cramps, dehydration, muscle cramps, and water retention. High doses of creatine could potentially lead to liver and kidney damage.

Possible Interactions

Because creatine can put extra stress on the kidneys, it is recommended that you do not take this supplement with NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as Advil, ibuprofen, Aleve, Celebrex, or Motrin). Patients with kidney or liver diseases are also cautioned against taking this supplement. Taking creatine with either caffeine or Ephedra (also known as Ma Huang) may put users at risk of ischemic strokes.

Scientific Evidence

There is no hard scientific evidence proving that creatine can rid your body of THC after marijuana consumption or aid you in passing a urine drug test screen. Also keep in mind that scientific studies of creatine consumption have only been performed on otherwise healthy, young male subjects – so additional risks for women and older individuals, including the respective health issues that both groups may suffer from, is largely unknown.

Likewise, of the various forms of creatine available in retail settings, studies have largely focused on one single variety: creatine monohydrate, and there have been no long-range studies performed to assess what effect taking a creatine supplement may have on your body over time.

Drawbacks

In addition to the fact that there is no scientific evidence that creatine can rid your body of THC, the risk of side effects and possible interactions with NSAIDs make this a home remedy to avoid.

Summary

There is no scientific evidence that creatine would rid your body of THC or have any impact on a urine drug screening. The detoxification methods you may find on the internet list creatine as a component in a detoxification program in combination with extra water consumption, as well as taking B vitamins and cranberry supplements or juice. There is also no scientific evidence that creatine would have any impact on this detoxification program.

Creatine can not only have some unpleasant side effects, but also high doses of creatine can cause liver and kidney damage, making this a supplement to avoid if you have already been diagnosed with liver or kidney disease. Creatine can also put significant stress on your kidneys, so it should not be combined with NSAIDs (whether prescription or over the counter), a common pain reliever used for headaches, muscle pain, arthritis, and many other conditions.

How To Pass Urine Drug Test With Cranberry Juice

Cranberries have long been known as a beneficial supplement, particularly in the treatment of urinary tract infections. Cranberries are available in forms such as fresh berries, pills, dried, juice, and liquid concentrate. It is cranberry juice, in particular, that has become a popular home remedy to pass urine drug screenings.

Ingredients Needed

Cranberry juice, which is usually less than five dollars a bottle, and water. Note that commercially processed cranberry juice drink contains only a small percent of actual cranberry juice, and sources recommend natural brands with higher cranberry juice content, which is listed on the product’s label.

Methodology

The method involves drinking large quantities of both cranberry juice and water in the hours before a urinary drug test.

Side Effects

Drinking large amounts of cranberry juice can cause gastrointestinal issues such as diarrhea. Drinking large amounts of water in a short time can lead to a potentially fatal condition known as hyponatremia, which is an imbalance of electrolytes in your body.

Potential Interactions

If you are being treated for any condition of the urinary tract – including the bladder, kidneys, ureters, and urethra – it is best to avoid drinking large amounts of cranberry juice. Cranberry juice may have negative interactions with medications taken for heartburn or GERD, as well as blood thinning medications such as Coumadin (warfarin).

Scientific Evidence

Part of the mythology of drinking cranberry juice stems from the fact that it was believed to cure or aid in the treatment of urinary tract infections because it increased the pH of your urine. Scientific research has shown that cranberry may not, in fact, significantly raise the pH of your urine, but instead inhibits the growth of E choli bacteria in the urine by preventing the bacteria from adhering to the bladder wall and allowing it to be flushed out in the process of urination. Drinking cranberry juice does not have any effect on marijuana or its metabolites.

Drawbacks

Some of the websites that tout drinking cranberry juice as a way to pass a drug test cite the juice’s ability to raise the pH of your urine as a way to mask THC and its metabolites. First, it is not known whether cranberry juice has a significant impact on the pH of your urine. Second, raising the pH of your urine does not mask THC or its metabolites (THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is the main mind-altering ingredient found in the marijuana). Raising the pH of your urine puts you at risk of failing the urine validity test, which then puts you at risk of being retested under suspicion of diluting your urine.

Summary

Cranberry juice has long been used as a home remedy for urinary tract infections, and it seems as if this has led the juice to acquire a reputation as a way to detoxify your body of drugs and drug metabolites. The actual reason that cranberry juice is effective in urinary tract infections, however, is the effect that the juice has on the bacteria causing the infection. Cranberry juice is not going to mask or rid your body of THC or its metabolites.

Can you sweat THC out?

People who might have to take a drug test are left with two options: avoid the THC-containing substances or BEAT the test. Yeah, you heard me right. In this article, we are going to dissect the idea of beating the THC test by sweating it out.

First things first

A proper understanding of basics regarding the interaction of THC with the body would be fundamental to understand the rationale behind the methods employed in beating the drug tests.

What is THC?

THC is the acronym for Tetrahydrocannabinol. It is the psychoactive chemical found in cannabis and is responsible for a wide range of effects on the brain. This chemical is found aplenty in marijuana. It’s the one responsible for the ‘high’ experienced when one smokes marijuana.

What happens when I smoke marijuana?

Once you smoke marijuana/pot/weed or introduce THC into the body by whatever means, there is absorption into the bloodstream. Much higher concentrations will be achieved with ingestion than with inhalation. (1) From the blood, THC then rapidly penetrates the adipose tissue, brain, muscle, liver, spleen and even lung tissue. In the long run, there will be slow redistribution from these tissues into the bloodstream again. (2)

For how long will THC remain in my system?

The length of time that THC remains in the body will be dependent on the amount of THC ingested and the frequency of use. The half-life of THC in the body is usually 1.3 days in an infrequent user and 5-13 days for the frequent user(3). This implies that if a frequent user introduces 40 mg of THC into their system, it will take 5-13 days for the THC levels in the body to drop to 20 mg and another 5-13 day to drop to 10mg. It should be noted that following ingestion, residual THC will remain in the body for a long time.

How does THC exit the body?

Breakdown of THC takes place in the liver. The products of this breakdown are then excreted into feces and urine. It is these products of excretion that are detected during drug testing.

How is THC detected in the body?

Once introduced into the body, THC can be detectable in the sweat, saliva, hair, urine, nails, and blood. This can be achieved via immunoassays and chromatographic techniques. (4) The preferred sample in most settings is urine due to the higher concentration of metabolites and ease of handling. Moreover, it is easier to collect.

What is that we mentioned about sweating out THC?

Over time, various methods have been proposed on how to beat the drug test. Key among them; use of synthetic urine, dilution of urine, use of aspirin, use of detox products and the relatively new one, SWEATING THC OUT!(6)

As for now, now studies have been conducted to determine the effectiveness of sweating out THC as a method of beating the drug tests. Luckily, science is our best friend. It’s time we added flesh to the basics we discussed above to credit or discredit this method. We shall strive to make our argument as simple as possible.

The rationale behind this method is that since metabolites (products of breakdown) of THC are present in sweat, then the amount excreted wound increase with increasing perspiration.

Up to this stage, we have avoided biochemistry jargon successfully, but we can’t afford that any longer. To understand if this method is likely to work, it will be imperative that we link up the breakdown of THC in the body and the metabolites that find their way into urine and sweat.

Events that culminate to the elimination of THC begin in the liver. A group of enzymes from the cytochrome p450 catalyze carboxylation and hydroxylation of the THC to produce a wide range of metabolites (7). Most of these metabolites are then passed out through urine and feces. The predominant metabolite in urine is THCCOOH while the predominant one in the urine is 11-OH-THC is predominant in the feces (5). It should be noted that NONE OF THESE METABOLITES ARE FOUND IN SWEAT.

How about some numbers

65% of the THC that enters the body is excreted in feces while 20% is excreted in the urine. (6) The rest is then detectable in the adipose tissues, liver, hair, nails and even sweat.

From the above, we can deduce that it would be next to impossible to sweat out significant amounts of THC from the system. This is for three reasons. Firstly, no carboxylated or hydroxylated metabolites are excreted through the skin. (8) This implies that a large percentage of THC will have to go through the urine.

Secondly, when one loses water through sweating there is a reduction in the body water and a subsequent concentration of the urine as a mechanism by the body to conserve water. This would be in direct conflict with the rationale employed by other methods of beating the drug test. One of the methods used is the dilution of urine before taking the drug test to reduce the levels of THC. By trying to sweat out the THC, urine becomes more concentrated making it easier to detect high levels of THC in the system.

Thirdly, the half-life of THC in the body is not so much dependent on physical activity. Other factors such as body fat content (because THC is highly fat soluble), a dose of THC and frequency of use would take a front seat.

Our conclusion

Based on the scientific evidence we have fronted; we feel that this is unlikely to be a reliable method of trying to beat a drug test especially on short notice. Trying it only as a last resort would be prudent.

REFERENCES

  1. Lemberger L, Axelrod J, Kopin IJ. Metabolism and disposition of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in man. Pharmacol Rev. 1971;23:371–380. [PubMed]
  2. Haggerty GC, Deskin R, Kurtz PJ, Fentiman AF, Leighty EG. The pharmacological activity of the fatty acid conjugate 11-palmitoyloxy-delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 1986;84:599–606.[PubMed]
  3. Smith-Kielland A, Skuterud B, Morland J. Urinary excretion of 11-nor-9-carboxy-delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabinoids in frequent and infrequent drug users. J Anal Toxicol. 1999;23:323–332. [PubMed]
  4. Fraser AD, Worth D. Monitoring urinary excretion of cannabinoids by fluorescence-polarization immunoassay: a cannabinoid-to-creatinine ratio study. Ther Drug Monit. 2002;24:746–750. [PubMed]
  5. Vandevenne M, Vandenbussche H, Verstraete A. Detection time of drugs of abuse in urine. ActaClinBelg. 2000;55:323–333. [PubMed]
  6. Goulle JP, Saussereau E, Lacroix C. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol pharmacokinetics] Ann Pharm Fr. 2008;66:232–244. [PubMed]
  7. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2277330/